ASTM A106 Grade C Carbon Steel Pipes are a type of pipe widely used in the oil and gas industry and other industrial applications. They are made of carbon steel, a type of steel that blends iron and carbon. In this post, we shall study the processes used to maintain the internal pressure by thickening their walls, manufacturing processes, and attributes of ASTM A106 Grade C Carbon Steel Pipes. We will also look at these CS pipes’ cold drawing and hot finishing processes.
Cold-drawn vs. Hot Finished Carbon Steel Pipes
Whether you need to purchase carbon steel pipes or are merely considering them, you must know how to differentiate between cold-drawn and hot-finished products. Choosing between the two depends on the application and purpose for which you will need the pipe.
Cold-drawn pipes have better dimension control and a smoother surface finish. Hot-finished tubes are typically thinner than cold-drawn products. Also, they require heat treatment after the final cold draw pass.
If you need a pipe suitable for high-temperature applications, you may want to consider the ASTM A106. This type of pipe is used for oil refineries, petrochemical plants, and power stations. It is also used in the transportation of liquids. However, if you need a pipe with higher strength and hardness, you will want to choose grade C. Unlike the other two grades, the carbon content of grade C is higher.
Inspecting Wall Thickness by Internal Pressure
The internal pressure governs the wall thickness of the Astm A106 Grade C carbon steel pipes they are subjected to. The pressure the pipe is exposed to depends on its size and material. However, transient conditions must also be considered when determining a suitable pipe grade.
Pipes used in offshore applications may be subjected to external hydrostatic pressure. If this is the case, the maximum wall thickness must be kept to a minimum. This is because the pipe’s ability to withstand circumferential external loads is inversely proportional to the out-of-roundness of the tube.
To determine the wall thickness, the formula Barlow’s equation is used. The equation is based on the nominal wall thickness and specified manufacturing tolerance.
The actual wall thickness is calculated using a different procedure. The calculation involves several factors, such as the flanges’ size, the pipe’s length, and the stiffening rings’ length.
Manufactured for Highly Versatile Properties
The ASTM A106 Grade C is the most commonly used grade of carbon steel pipe, and it is designed to be used in high-temperature applications, such as in the transportation of oil and gas. The properties of ASTM A106 Grade C Carbon Steel Pipes include high strength and flexibility, as well as excellent resistance to corrosion and high temperatures. These pipes are also known for their good machinability, which means they can be easily shaped and formed into different sizes and shapes.
When manufacturing ASTM A106 Grade C Carbon Steel Pipes, the process typically involves heating a carbon steel ingot, which is then rolled and stretched into a pipe shape. The pipe is cooled and cut to the required length, and the ends are beveled to allow easy welding. The tube is then inspected for defects and tested to ensure it meets all required specifications.
Maintaining Grade C Carbon Steel Pipes
In terms of maintenance and care, ASTM A106 Grade C Carbon Steel Pipes require regular cleaning and inspection to ensure they are free from corrosion and other forms of damage. They should also be protected from exposure to moisture and other corrosive substances and stored in a dry, well-ventilated area.